Palynology and Palaeobotany Section is in the Department of Earth Sciences, National Museums of Kenya. The section’s main aim is to investigate and interpret fossil pollen, phytolith, spores and charcoal sequences focusing in detail on long term ecosystem composition, form and function and interaction with human in the past and present. We recover sediments in areas that indicate type of vegetation mosaics. Sediments collected in such diversity enhance the ability of our research to address palaeoenvironmental investigations. This increases scientific understanding regarding land use and climate change. Some of the research in the section are site specific and highly focused whereas other aspects are generic to global research.